It is always interesting to see how people from the past imagined the future. We are living in the future, but not all of these predictions came out to be accurate. For example, just look at the General Motors Bison semi-truck – it still looks like something from the future, despite being created back in 1964.
Of course, just by looking at the Bison you can tell that it simply could not drive on today‘s roads. Truck design is limited by a lot of rules and regulations, regarding safety, and industry has its own standards. However, Bison did feature some pretty cool design details.
General Motors created the Bison for the 1964 World Fair. Since it had to be representation of the future, GM took inspiration from planes and spaceships. Therefore, it featured a low and sleek profile.
There were no doors. To get into the Bison you had to open the canopy, which included the entire windscreen. When seated, you would pull a futuristic steering wheel towards yourself. It is much like a yoke of an airplane. In between two vertical handles there was a number of switches. More various controls were located in the central console, where drivers would have found a phone. While General Motors said that the Bison is meant for long-distance hauling, it didn’t seem like it is the case, because the cabin had no sleeping room or compartments for personal belongings.
The entire cabin of the Bison was in front of the wheels. It was very low and, seemingly, very aerodynamic. Visibility must have been great too, because glass canopy was pretty big. GM Bison had a four-wheel steering system – wheels of both axis were turning the same or opposite directions, depending on the steering angle.
Of course, when you make a truck looking like that you cannot fit a conventional engine. And so the GM Bison was powered by a couple of turbines, making 280 and 720 hp. General Motors have experimented with turbines since 1953. Although the Bison was just a design concept and could not be driven, GM did make a real driving prototype truck with turbine engines later. Bison’s turbines were mounted behind the cabin – over the wheels.
The trailer hitch was also not a traditional design, like the trailer itself. General Motors at that time predicted that in the future loading and unloading of trailers will be automatic in the future – cargo modules will simply move in the docks by themselves. And so the trailer, which also had a low profile to match the truck, had hard shell and modular structure. The entire combination did look pretty impressive, but there were never plans for the Bison to reach production.
To work, Bison would need to change the entire trucking industry. Spare parts for the turbines, new loading docks, trailer parks and so on. General Motors created the Bison as a vision about what the future should look like. And although our current trucks are not like this, it is still a pretty cool design. We just wish we would see it on the road.
Image from blog.hemmings.com; www.overdriveretro.com; www.thepetrolstop.com